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This section will help you come to terms with the terminology and processes associated with Special Shaped Bricks

Angle & Cant Bricks (AN)
Angle Specials allow brickwork to turn through 30, 45 & 60 degree angles, with variations in leg dimensions to achieve different bond patterns.
Cant Specials allow chamfer detailing to be achieved within brickwork to doors, windows & corner details. These can also be used as chamfered cappings used on walls.
Arch & Radial Bricks (AR & RD)
Arch and Radial Specials are used to form curved brick details or decorative arch units without the use of tapered mortar joints.

Bonding Bricks (BD)
Bonding Specials are used to create brick bonding patterns without the need for cutting on site. They are also used for stop ends to brick on edge cappings.
Bullnose Bricks (BN)
Bullnose Specials are used to soften the aesthetics and add protection and visual appeal to corner details, as well as on top of walls.

Capping & Coping Bricks (CP)
Capping & Coping Specials are used to cap the tops of parapet or free standing walls to offer protection and visual appeal.
Plinth Bricks (PL)
Plinth Specials are used to create a single or double course splay detail, allowing change in depth to brickwork.

Soldier Bricks (SD)
Soldier Specials are used as a complementary or contrasting brick detail to break up large areas of brickwork.
Brick Slips (SL)
Brick Slip Specials are an easy to install, durable and low maintenance option that have the ability to transform the appearance of any wall. Whether internal or external.

37 Degree Plinth Bricks
37 Degree Plinth Specials are used to form a flush double plinth course whilst using the larger 23mm upstand.
Sill Bricks
Sill Brick Specials are used to create an attractive and durable window sill, providing protection from rain water run-off.

Railtrack Bricks
Railtrack Specials are a truly traditional sized imperial brick, available in 3 sizes for authentic restoration projects.
Rebated Bricks
Rebated Specials are used to give the appearance of a full brick whilst being recessed in the lower bed face of the brick to hide masonry support angles.

Common Brick Terminology
Stretcher - The longer face of a brick showing in the surface of a wall
Header - The end face of a standard brick
Bed Face - The top and bottom face of a brick
Arris - Any straight edge of a brick formed by the junction of its faces
Frog - An indentation in the top bed face of a moulded or pressed brick
Perforation - Holes through extruded bricks from the top bed to the bottom bed

Brick Laying Orientations
Specials and standard bricks can be laid in a number of different orientations; this is dependent on the guaranteed facings of the Special. Some Specials can be laid in a number of positions, whereas others can only be laid in one.
Brick on bed – The most common orientation for bricks to be laid
Soldier course – Normally used as a decorative detail, to make brick features stand out
Brick on edge – Normally used to form a capping detail on top of walls

Special Brick Jargon
Radius – (Bullnose Bricks) The size of the rounded corner which forms the profile
Splay – (Plinth & Cant Bricks) The angled slope which forms the profile
Upstand – (Plinth Bricks) The vertical face at the bottom of the stretcher before the angled splay
Leg length – (Angle & Squint Bricks) The length of the stretcher faces either side of the angle
Angle – (Angle & Squint Bricks) The angle of turn between the two different faces of the special
Return – (Any 90 Degree corner Special) Used to take a Specials detail round a 90 degree corner

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